This Results from The Tradition on Hindhu-Buddhist Kingdom in Indonesia and Remains up till now

This results Culture In The Kingdom of Hindus, Buddhists in Indonesia Yang Still Until now, this is the result of our civilization can still be seen up to now, our nation is a great nation with evidence of the temple which was built in this archipelago. Which is a world heritage as a wonder of the world. And here hasilnnya:



CAPTER I
RELIMINARY


A. Background
Commercial traffic and shipping take place by land and sea. One lane of traffic sea bypassed India-China is the Strait Malak. Indonesia is located in the path of the position of the cross two continents and two oceans, as well as being near the Strait of Malacca into serine visited by foreign nations such as India and Persia. The emergence of traders from other countries to make the existing port in Indonesia to be crowded and increased economic activity.
The alien influence entry into the country, one of which is a Hindu-Buddhist. The involvement of the Indonesian nation in international trade and shipping activities causing the mixing of cultures. India is the first country to give effect to Indonesia, namely in the form of Hindu-Buddhist culture. The results of the public culture of Indonesia during the Hindu-Buddha various forms, there is a form of the building (the temple), sculpture (statues), sculpture and carving (relief), as well as literature (books) and traditions.

CHAPTER II


CULTURE OF INDONESIA AGE HINDU AND BUDDHISM
The results of the public culture of Indonesia during the Hindu-Buddha various forms, there is a form of the building (the temple), sculpture (statues), sculpture and carving (relief), as well as literature (books) and traditions.

A. Temple

The temple is generally shaped high building with three parts. The lower part is a symbol bhurloka (human nature), the center illustrates bhuvarloka (natural death), and part of the roof symbolizes swarloka (realm of the gods).
The temples in Indonesia has a different complexion. The temples in North Central Java usually circular, in which small temples encircling the main temple were great. It describes the structure of society that puts the king as the center of power. This is understandable, given the kingdoms in the northern part of Central Java is generally a Hindu kingdom.
The temples in the southern part of Central Java generally have the same size, no great temples and taller than the other. It describes the composition of a democratic society that puts the king and other similar communities. This is a character who does not adhere to Buddhism caste system.
The temples in East Java usually put a large main temple behind the temples are smaller. This illustrates the position of the king as a unifying community. The temple is not only found on the island of Java, but are also found in other islands. For example, Barelang temple located in Sumatra.







1. Hindu temple










Prambanan (Yogyakarta, Mataram Lama)
Candi Dieng (Central Java, Mataram Lama).
Penataran (Blitar, Kediri)
Candi Kidal (Malang, Singasari)
Temple Cangkuang (Garut, West Java)
Arjuna (Central Java Dieng)
Bima Candi (Dieng Central Java)
Ghatotkacha Candi (Dieng Central Java)
Temple Mount Wukir (Central Java)
Prambanan (Yogyakarta)
Sambisari (Yogyakarta)
Kedulan Kalasan-Yogyakarta)
Candi Kimpulan (Sleman, Yogyakarta)
Barong (Prambanan-Yogyakarta)
Candi Ijo (Yogyakarta)
Candi Gebang (Sleman, Yogyakarta)
Candi Asu (Magelang, Central Java)
Upgrading Temple (Blitar, East Java)
Candi Kidal (Malang East Java)
Candi Jawi (Pasuruan East Java)
Candi Jago (Malang East Java)
Singhasari temple (Malang East Java)
Surawana (Kediri, East Java) · Trowulan (Mojokerto, East Java)
Candi Ceto (Karanganyar Central Java)
Sukuh (Karanganyar Central Java)
Candi Gedong Songo (Ambarawa Central Java)
Candi Bojongmenje (Bandung, West Java)
Losari Temple (Magelang, Central Java)
Temple Gunungsari (Magelang, Central Java)
Candi Pringapus (Temanggung Central Java)
Candi Liyangan (Temanggung Central Java)
Candi Morangan (Sleman, Yogyakarta)
Candi Abang (Sleman, Yogyakarta).

2. Buddhist temple

Borobudur, Magelang, Central Java
Kalasan, Kalasan, Sleman regency, Yogyakarta province
Barelang temple, Kampar, Riau
Bahal temple (South Tapanuli-North),
Banyunibo Temple (Yogyakarta),
Pawon (Magelang, Central Java)
Candi Lumbung (Prambanan-Yogyakarta)
Mendut (Magelang, Central Java)
Muara Jambi temple complex (Muaro-Jambi)
Temple Ngawen (Magelang, Central Java)
Batujaya (Karawang, West Java)
Plaosan (Prambanan-Yogyakarta)
Candi Sari (Yogyakarta)
Sojiwan (Klaten in Central Java)
Candi Sumberawan (Malang East Java)
Sewu (Prambanan-Yogyakarta)









B. Yupa / Inscription




yupa / inscription is a stone monument that serves as a memorial. Yupa / Inscription using Pallawa or Sanskrit and a major source for the experts in interpreting the history of the kingdoms in the Hindu-Buddha.














Kutai kingdom

.
name Inscription
 Seven Yupa

2. royal Tarumanegara

Inscription Ciaruteun,
Inscription Kebon Kopi,
Inscription Jambu,
Tugu inscription,
Inscription Lebak,
Inscription Muara Cianten,

3. Sriwijaya kingdom

Inscription Kedukan Hill (683M)
Inscription Talang Tuo (684 M)
Telaga Batu Inscription (683)
Lust Reef Inscription (686 AD)
Kota Kapur Inscription (686 AD),
Inscription Palas Pasemah
Inscription Ligor, in the Isthmus of Kra (775):

4. Ancient Mataram

inscription Canggal
Kalasan inscription from the year 778 AD.
Middle Reef Inscription to the year 824 AD.
Argapura inscription from the year 863 AD.
Inscription Mantyasih / Kedu
inscription Hampran
Inscription Kelurak, Kalasan
inscription Sojomerto

5. Ancient Mataram (East Java)

Calcutta Stone which dates to the year 1019
Inscription Anjukladang and Paradah
inscription Limas
inscription Sirahketing
inscription Wurara
inscription Semengka
inscription Razor
Inscription Turun Turun Hyang Hyang A and B
inscription Gandhakuti

6. Jenggala and Kediri

Inscription Wurara,
Inscription Pandelegan of the Kingdom of Kediri
Inscription overthrow, of the Kingdom of Kediri
Inscription Ngantang / Hantang and inscriptions Talan, from the Kingdom of Kediri
Inscription Jeoun, Weleri, of the Kingdom of Kediri
Wind and inscriptions Inscription Nets, of the Kingdom of Kediri
Inscription Semandhing, of the Kingdom of Kediri
Inscription Ceker, of the Kingdom of Kediri

7. Singhasari

Inscription Balawi,
Inscription Marobong,
inscription Kusmala
Inscription Mula Malurung.

8. Majapahit kingdom

Three inscriptions from the reign of Jayanegara namely Inscription Tuhanaru (year 1322), Blambangan Inscription, Inscription Blitar (1324).
inscription Kudadu
inscription Sumkarta
inscription offense














C. Book and Literature






Hindu and Buddhist past left some books whose contents vary. There containing stories, news history, or tales. The contents of the book are generally poetical. The books include:




1. Period of Kediri Kingdom




a) Book Kakawin Bharatayudha, work Sedah MPU and MPU Panuluh




b) The book kakawin hariwangsa and Gatotkacasraya, MPU works Panuluh




c) Book Smaradhana, MPU works Darmaja




d) the Book and the Book Wartasancaya Lubdaka, MPU works Tanakung




e) Book Kresnayana, MPU works Triguna




f) The Book Arjunawiwaha, MPU works Kanwa









2. The Kingdom of Majapahit

a) Book Negarakertagama, MPU works Prapanca

b) The Book Sutasoma, MPU works Tantular

c) Book Pararaton, telling the kings Singosari and Majapahit

d) Book Sundayana, recounts events Bubat

e) Book Ranggalawe, telling Rebellion Ranggalawe

f) The Book Sorandaka, tells Sora Rebellion

g) Book of Usana Java, tells the conquest of Bali by Gajah Mada and Arya Damar



D. Statue


Statue is a stone carved to form a human or animal. Typically, created to illustrate people or certain gods. Several statues of Hindu-Buddhist culture results include a statue of Shiva, Brahma, Vishnu, Buddha, and Dhyani Bodhisattva.

E. Relief


Relief is carved texts or images that are usually found on the temple walls. Some relief is no life experiences that tell the king and the Hindu gods or Buddha



F. Tradition or Habit


Ngaben, a cremation ceremony in the Hindu community in Bali. Cremation ceremony intended to restore man to his home.

Nyepi is the Hindu community religious ceremonies. Nyepi has a goal to make amends and introspection on the behavior that has been done a year ago. Nyepi is done by sitting at home without carrying out any activities in accordance with the rules in Nyepi ceremony. Nyepi done to commemorate the new year Saka.

Galungan is the feast day Hindu Dharma conducted once every 210 days, falling on Wednesday POND, twice in one year.




Brass is the feast day Hindu Dharma conducted two weeks after the day of Galungan.




Sadranan carried out by the Hindu community by bringing offerings graves or shrines.




Kesodo a ceremony performed by a Hindu community in Tengger, East Java. Kesodo a ceremony of offering offerings into the crater of Mount Bromo.









CHAPTER III



A. Conclusion




Results of culture in Indonesian society at the Hindu - Buddhist sanagta various forms, such as the shape of magnificent buildings (the temple), sculpture sculpture (statues), sculpture and carving on the stone wall (relief), as well as forms of literature (books) and traditions.




The temple usually in the form of a building which is quite high with three (3) parts. The bottom is the epitome of bhurloka meaning of human nature, in the middle symbolizes bhuvarloka natural means death, and on the roof describe swarloka natural meaning of the gods.




Yupa / inscription is a stone monument that serves as a memorial. Yupa / Inscription using Pallawa or Sanskrit and a major source for the experts in interpreting the history of the kingdoms in the Hindu-Buddha.




Book and literary works. Hindu and Buddhist past left some books whose contents vary. There containing stories, news history, or tales.




Statue is a stone carved to form a human or animal. Typically, created to illustrate people or certain gods. Several statues of Hindu-Buddhist culture results include a statue of Shiva, Brahma, Vishnu, Buddha, and Dhyani Bodhisattva.




Relief is carved texts or images that are usually found on the temple walls. Some relief is no life experiences that tell the king and the Hindu gods or Buddha.




Traditions or habits such as cremation, Nyepi, Galungan, Kuningan, Sadranan and Kesodo.




I'm sorry for the words in the article above are still confused because I had to learn English little by little
thanks, hopefully useful



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